What are 5 interesting facts about georgia country?

Georgia was home to the first Europeans. There are 12 different climate zones. The deepest cave in the world is located in Georgia. The Caucasus is the highest mountain range in Europe.

Here you can live in the highest settlement in Europe. Turkey, Russia and the former Persian Empire wanted a piece of the Georgian pie. Later, Russia annexed the country in the 19th century. It wasn't until much later that Georgia became independent from the Soviet Union.

In the 13th century, Queen Tamar of Georgia ordered the construction of the site as a refuge against attacks from the Mongol Empire. Once finished, it had a staggering 13 levels with 6000 rooms (in addition to a bakery, church and cellars), a self-sufficient irrigation system and real apartments. Unfortunately, just a century later, an earthquake destroyed more than two-thirds of the city. Georgian has many different dialects, and its alphabet is unique compared to any other language you see internationally.

Like the rest of Georgia, it is old and dates back to the middle of the 4th century. This is a difficult question to understand, but be encouraged by the fact that many young Georgians speak English better than Russian. Another of our favorite fun facts about Georgia is that it has earned its place among the most ecologically diverse regions in the world. The country's 12 climate zones have generated an incredible diversity of landscapes and wildlife.

It was here that the oldest thread (dating back 34,000 years) was discovered. Georgia is also home to the oldest gold artifacts, which were cleverly crafted by the ancestors of the ancient Colchians, the ancestors of the Georgians, in Colchis. It is with Georgia that the myths about Argonauts and the Golden Fleece are associated. In fact, here, in the Bronze Age, gold was mined by washing river sand with sheepskins, in whose wool particles of precious metals were stuck.

But the Colchis collection of gold products can be seen in the Gold Fund of the National Museum of Georgia. Even before the Middle Ages, a sport similar to rugby was played in the area that is now Georgia. In the game Lelo Burti (field ball), two peoples competed against each other. The essence of the game is that it was necessary to bring the ball, which weighed about 7 kg, to the middle of the opponent.

It was said that the winning town would get the best harvest. Nowadays, rugby is mainly spread in New Zealand, England, Australia and South Africa. Georgia is ranked 12th in the world rugby rankings. This position is higher than that of Italy, the United States, Russia, Spain, Brazil or Germany. Gruber Cave (also called Raven Cave) is the deepest cave in the world.

The cave is also called Everest underground. Until now, researchers have been researching at a depth of 2191 m, however, it is assumed that the cave is much deeper. The cave is located near the village of Sundries, in the Arabika mountains in Abkhazia and close to the Black Sea coast. The entrance to the cave is through a vertical well only 1 m wide and 60 m deep. At the top, most of the wells fall almost vertically.

At a depth of 1710 m there are underground waterfalls, lakes and a large room. The highest mountain in the Alps is Mont Blanc, with a height of 4804 m. There are no mountains higher than 5000 m in Switzerland, Austria, France or Italy. There are three five-thousand-meter peaks in Georgia.

With a height of 5201 m.Shkhara is the highest peak in Georgia, followed by the janga with a height of 5051 m. Both mountains are located in Svaneti. The third fifth thousandth part of Kazbek Peak, Mtskheta-Tyanetsa is the region. Georgia is also home to the town with the largest permanent population in Europe, located at an altitude of 2,100 meters.

This is the village of Ushguli, located at the foot of Shkhara Mountain. It's not as long as the Chinese one, but it's also very old and picturesque. Sighnaghi, the pearl of the Kakheti region, is located 110 km from Tbilisi. The city is surrounded by a four-kilometer wall with 23 towers and six doors, built in the 1770s.

Oddly enough, each tower in the fortress is named after the nearest town, so that locals can hide in case of danger. Today, the industrial value of Chiatura is less pronounced. However, around 17 cable cars are still running around the city and its surroundings. In the mountainous area of Chiatura, they are the fastest way for locals to go to work or shop in the city.

The use of the cable cars is free of charge. In 1976, NASA sent a recording of the Georgian song “Chakrulo” as an example of the musical talent of earthlings. Almost every skyscraper in Georgia now has to pay for an elevator. True, a little, only 5 tetri (0.02 cents), and if you go up.

But the descent is free. The residents themselves often use a personal key for the elevator. Georgians like to celebrate by inviting lots of guests. Weddings are no exception, and they tend to attract more guests than other holidays; each party invites at least one hundred people.

Therefore, a wedding for 100-150 people in Georgia seems small. Meliton Kantaria, hero of the Soviet Union, a Georgian sergeant in the Soviet Army, did so on April 30, 1945, together with Mikhail Yegorov, which meant victory over the Nazis. Today there is a monument in his honor in one of the parks in Tbilisi. Georgia is a transcontinental country and is located primarily in Southwest Asia.

Georgia sees itself as part of Europe. Georgia is located in a region called the South Caucasus. The Greater Caucasus mountain range is the natural border with Russia, one of its four neighboring countries. Georgia may be little known, but there's no doubt that it has a big impact when it comes to the strange and fascinating.

It may be the official and main language, but learning to greet and say thank you in Georgian won't get you very far anywhere else in the world. The fact that Georgia has had a stormy history, that the country has suffered repeatedly at the hands of invaders, can be seen today in several linguistic phenomena. The name of the country's current capital, Tbilisi, comes largely from an old Georgian word —tbili— meaning “warm”. Georgians are very hospitable and love to share their love for delicious food and drink with visitors.

Kutaisi was the capital of the United Kingdom of Georgia from 1008 A.D. to 1122 A.D., and as the capital of the Imeretian Kingdom from the 15th century to 1810 A.D. Local Georgians refer to their country as Saqartvelo or, in the local language. Although six skulls were found, two have been given the Georgian names Zezva and Mzia, and artists have worked to reconstruct their image.

This discovery was totally accidental: the Georgians discovered that if grape juice was poured into large clay pots, called qvevri, and buried underground during the winter, would become wine. Today, UNESCO has included this ancient Georgian tradition of making Qvevri wine in its List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Georgia is one of the oldest wine-producing regions in the world and Georgians are proud of their locally produced wine, which is stored and aged in huge clay jars from Kvevri (also spelled as Qvevri). However, it is interesting to note that Standard Georgian is based on the Kartvelian dialect, one of 14 systems of unique scripts existing in the Georgian alphabet.

Amanda Klines
Amanda Klines

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